United States


United States

Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico

United States Flag

United States Flags - Did you know...The study of flags is called Vexillology - Did you know....A Red Flag is a symbol of hardiness, bravery, strength & valour - According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions there is a vast amount of symbolism associated with the color of a nations flag - United States

A comprehensive guide to the United States Flag. Discover facts and useful information.

Flags are an extremely easy way to identify a country or area immediately, language is not a barrier. The colors and emblems chosen by each country are deeply symbolic. Find out all you need to know about the United States Flag.

Flag Symbol

United States Flag - Map Image

United States Flag - Meaning
The study of flags is called Vexillology and comes from the Latin word vexillum ("flag") and the Greek suffix -logy ("study"). The word "flag" is derived from the old Saxon word "fflaken" which means to fly or to float in the air. The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield. Shields were painted with emblems or symbols to identify friend or enemy. Warriors needed to know where their leaders were hence the custom of carrying a pole was adopted and subsequently the idea of flags began! Flags and banners were even mentioned in the bible, the following quote is from the bible book entitled Song of Solomons, (6:10):  "Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as an army with banners."

United States Flag - Description
The United States Flag is:

  • The background of the United states flag has thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red alternating with white stripes and in the upper hoist-side corner (canton) there is a blue rectangle bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars

  • The 50 stars represent the 50 states of the United States

  • The 13 stripes on the United States flag represent the 13 original colonies (known as Old Glory)

  • The red stripes are situated at the top and bottom of the United States Flag

  • The stars on the United States flag are arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of stars

    • Six stars are displayed on the top and bottom rows

    • The rows of six stars alternate with rows of five stars

United States FlagPicture

United States Flag - Color Symbolism
The individual colors that make up the united states flags represent the following:

  • Red - Hardiness, Bravery, Strength & Valour

  • White - Peace and honesty

  • Blue - Vigilance, Truth and Loyalty, Perseverance & Justice

United States Flag - Information
The use of stars by the Colonies on their flags was first suggested by a little piece of poetry in a newspaper called the “Massachusetts Spy," published in Boston on March the 10th, 1774. It was as follows:

“A ray of bright glory
Now beams from afar;
The American Ensign
Now sparkles a star."


United States FlagImage
United States - Facts
  • All Flag pictures show flags flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right

  • The upper left quarter of the flag is called the Canton and pictures the stars

  • The Study of the Flags is known as Vexillology

  • The upper left quarter of the flag is known as the Canton

  • A Flag share is the flag officer's share of prize money

  • People with an interest in flags are called Vexillologists

  • The Romans were the first to use a cloth flag - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening a flag to the side of a pole soon followed

United States FlagImage
  • The shape and flag ratio of the United States Flag is 1:2 (the length is twice the height)

  • To dip the flag is the process of lowering and quickly restore it to its place is often done as a mark of respect

  • The idea of flying a flag came from the requirements of ancient warfare in the battlefield

  • When presenting a nations flag, the United Nations uses alphabetical order, this includes the United States Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag

  • The United States Flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground

  • A tattered or faded United States Flag should be removed and replaced with a new United States Flag

  • The United States Flag should always be flown the correct way up, it is vital that due care and consideration is taken to ensure this

  • The first thirteen states on the United States flag were Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island

  • Hawaii became the 50th state on 21 Aug. 1959 and the 50 star on the United States flag!

United States - History
Many changes have been made to the size, shape, design and arrangement of the United States flag. These changes were made between January 1776 and August 1960. The dates of admission of states are detailed as follows:

  • The first thirteen of the united states, were Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island

  • In 1795, the states of Vermont and Kentucky, were added to the Unites states flag

  • 1818 - Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana, and Mississippi

  • 1819 - Illinois was added

  • 1820 - Alabama and Maine were included on the USA flag

  • 1822 - Missouri became a state

  • 1836 - Arkansas was added giving the United states flag a total of 25 stars

  • 1837 - Michigan

  • 1845 - Florida

  • 1846 - Texas

  • 1847 - Iowa

  • 1848 - Wisconsin was added totalling 30 stars on the United states flag

  • 1850 - California

  • 1858 - Minnesota

  • 1859 - Oregon

  • 1861 - Kansas

  • 1863 - West Virginia

  • 1865 - Nevada

  • 1867 - Nebraska was added giving the United states flag a total of 37 stars

  • 1877 - Colorado

  • 1890 - North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington, and Idaho

  • 1891 - Wyoming

  • 1896 - Utah

  • 1908 - Oklahoma

  • 1912 - Arizona and New Mexico

  • 1959 - Alaska became the 49th state on 3 Jan. 1959 (Alaska became a territory in 1912)

  • 1959 - Hawaii became the 50th state on 21 Aug. 1959. Hawaii the last state was added giving the United states flag a total of 50 stars

Displaying the United States Flag - Did you know?

  • The act or function of raising the United States Flag, as on a rope is referred to as hoisting

  • To denote grief and mourning, the United States Flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole , this is called flying the flag at Half Staff or Half Mast and is carried out by firstly raising the United States Flag to the top, then lowering the United States Flag halfway

  • To show distress the United States Flag is flown upside-down

  • Always hoist the United States Flag briskly and lower the United States Flag ceremoniously

  • No disrespect should be shown to the United States flag

  • The United States Flag should never be displayed, used, fastened or kept in such a way as to allow the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way

  • The United States Flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature

  • To strike, or lower the United States Flag is the process of hauling it down. It is a token of respect, submission, or, in an engagement, of surrender

United States Flag - Poem
The following beautiful poem about the United states flag entitled 'Flag of The Free' was written by Edward Smyth Jones, It was published in 1917 by The Lincoln Art Publishing Co.

Flag of the free, our sable sires
Have borne thee oft before
Into hot battles' hell-lit fires,
Against the fiercest foe.
When first he shook his shaggy mein,
And made the welkin ring,
Brave Attucks fell upon the Plain,
Thy stripes first crimsoning!

Thy might and majesty we hurl,
Against the bolts of Mars;
And from thy ample folds unfurl
Thy field of flaming stars!
Fond hope to nations in distress,
Thy starry gleam shall give;
The stricken in the wilderness
Shall look to thee and live.

What matter if where Boreas roars,
Or where sweet zephyr smiles?
What matter if where eagle soars,
Or in the sunlit isles?
Thy flowing crimson stripes shall wave
Above the bluish brine;
Emblazoned ensign of the brave,
And Liberty enshrine!

Flag of the free, still float on high
Through every age to come;
Bright beacon of the azure sky,
True light of Freedom's dome.
'Till nations all shall cease to grope
In vain for liberty—
O shine, last lingering star of hope
Of all humanity!


Dream Definition - United States
Seeing your national flag in your dream means peace and/or prosperity. Seeing a flag of a foreign nation indicates a breach of trust between friends.

United States Flag

United States Flag

  • United States Flag Symbolism

  • United States Flag- Meaning

  • What do the colors represent?

  • Color Symbolism in Flags

  • Meaning of different colors

  • United States Flag - Pictures

United States Flag


Pictures and Videos of United States Flag
Discover the selection of pictures and videos relating to different symbols, a useful educational resource for budding Vexillologists! Learn about the meaning and history of the United States Flag. The United States Flag is a good example of color symbolism that we see in everyday life. All of the articles and pages on this site can be accessed via the Signology Index - a great educational resource for everyone! What is the significance of a particular color? What does each color and symbol on the United States Flag mean - find out all you need to know! Color Symbolism, Meaning, Crests, Emblems, Facts and much more! We have even included a dream definition of the United States Flag! Hope you find this resource on symbols including the United States flag useful.


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