Indian Flags


Indian Flag


Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan


Indian Flag Image

Indian Did you know...The study of flags is called Vexillology - Did you know....A Red Flag is a symbol of hardiness, bravery, strength & valour - According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions there is a vast amount of symbolism associated with the color of a nations flag - India

A comprehensive guide to the Indian Flag. Discover facts and useful information.

Flags are an extremely easy way to identify a country or area immediately, language is not a barrier. The colors and emblems chosen by each country are deeply symbolic. Find out all you need to know about the Indian Flag.

Flag Symbol

Signs and Symbols

Indian Flag - Map Image

Indian Flag - Meaning
The study of flags is called Vexillology and comes from the Latin word vexillum ("flag") and the Greek suffix -logy ("study"). The word "flag" is derived from the old Saxon word "fflaken" which means to fly or to float in the air. The idea of flying a flag grew from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield. Shields were painted with emblems or symbols to identify friend or enemy. Warriors needed to know where their leaders were hence the custom of carrying a pole was adopted and subsequently the idea of flags began! Flags and banners were even mentioned in the bible, the following quote is from the bible book entitled Song of Solomons, (6:10):  "Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as an army with banners."

Indian Flag - Description

  • The background of Indian Flags are orange (saffron), white and green

  • Indian flags are known as Tricolor's or Tiranga

  • Indian Flags have three three equal horizontal bands of saffron, subdued orange, (top), white, and green

  • There is a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) in the center of the white band

Indian Flag - Color Symbolism
According to Ancient and Heraldic traditions a huge amount of symbolism is related to specific colors. The colors on Indian flags represent the following:

  • Saffron - a symbol of courage

  • White - peace and honesty

  • Blue - vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice

  • Green - hope, joy , fertility and love and in many cultures have a sacred significance

Indian Flag Picture

Indian Flag- History

  • The emblem on Indian Flags depict the blue Ashoka Chakra - which is known as the "wheel of the law"

  • The Chakra is based on the emblem or symbol of the 3rd century Mauryan emperor, Ashoka

  • The 24 spokes of the wheel signify 24 hours and progress every hour

  • The freedom fighter, Pingali Venkayya designed the Indian Flag

  • Indian flags symbolize freedom and they were adopted on July 22, 1947

Indian Flag Image

Indian Flag - Definition
Flags are defined as a symbol or emblem usually consisting of a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design. Flags are also often used as a signalling device and method of communication. Government buildings are often decorated with flags. A cloth usually bearing a device or devices and used to indicate nationality, party, etc., or to give or ask information; commonly attached to a staff to be waved by the wind; a standard; a banner; an ensign; the colors; as, the national flag; a military or a naval flag.

Facts about Indian Flag
  • All pictures of flags show them flying, from the viewer's point of view, from left to right

  • The Study of the Flags is known as Vexillology

  • The upper left quarter of the flag is known as the Canton

  • A Flag share is the flag officer's share of prize money

  • People with an interest in flags are called Vexillologists

  • The Romans were the first to use cloth flags - they were square and fastened to cross bars at the end of spears - the idea of fastening flags to the side of a pole soon followed

Indian Flag Image
  • The shape and flag ratio of the Indian Flag is 2:3 ( length 1 times the height )

  • To dip the flag is the process of lowering and quickly restore it to its place is often done as a mark of respect

  • The idea of flying a flag came from the requirements of ancient warfare in the battlefield

  • When presenting a nations flag, the United Nations uses alphabetical order, this includes the Indian Flag. Their flag etiquette ensures that no one country's flag has precedence over another country's flag

  • The Indian Flag should never be allowed to drag along the ground

  • A tattered or faded Indian Flag should be removed and replaced with a new Indian Flag

  • The Indian Flag should always be flown the correct way up, it is vital that due care and consideration is taken to ensure this

Displaying Indian Flags - Did you know?

  • The act or function of raising the Indian Flag, as on a rope is referred to as hoisting

  • To denote grief and mourning, the Indian Flag is hoisted to half of the potential height of the flag pole , this is called flying the flag at Half Staff or Half Mast and is carried out by firstly raising the Indian Flag to the top, then lowering the Indian Flag halfway

  • To show distress the Indian Flag is flown upside-down

  • Always hoist the Indian Flag briskly and lower the Indian Flag ceremoniously

  • No disrespect should be shown to the Indian Flag flag

  • Indian Flags should never be displayed, used, fastened or kept in such a way as to allow the Flag to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way

  • Indian Flags should never have placed upon them, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing on the flag of any nature

  • To strike, or lower the Indian Flag is the process of hauling it down. It is a token of respect, submission, or, in an engagement, of surrender

Information about India

  • The Indian Climate varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

  • The terrain in India is upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

  • The lowest point in India: Indian Ocean 0 m

  • The highest point in India: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

  • Indian Natural resources: Coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

  • Indian Capital City: New Delhi

  • Indian Agricultural products : rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry; fish

  • Indian Currency : Indian rupee (INR)

Dream Definition - Flags
Seeing your national flag in your dream means peace and/or prosperity. Seeing a flag of a foreign nation indicates a breach of trust between friends.

Indian Flag

Indian Flag

  • Indian Flag Symbolism

  • Indian Flag- Meaning

  • What do the colors represent?

  • Color Symbolism in Flags

  • Meaning of different colors

  • Indian Flag- Pictures

Indian Flag Picture


Pictures and Videos of Indian Flag
Discover the selection of pictures and videos relating to different flag symbols including the Indian Flag, a useful educational resource for budding Vexillologists! Learn about the meaning and history of the Indian Flag. The Indian Flag is a good example of color symbolism that we see in everyday life. All of the articles and pages on this site can be accessed via the Signology Index - a great educational resource for everyone! What is the significance of a particular color in the Indian Flag? What does each Indian Flag symbol mean - find out all you need to know! Color Symbolism, Meaning, Crests, Emblems, Facts and much more! We have even included a dream definition of the Indian Flag! Hope you find this resource on flag symbols useful.


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